What are babies thinking and learning?

During the first few weeks after birth, babies are busy processing information, searching for patterns, and learning. They can recognize familiar voices, including their mother’s voice, and they show a preference for listening to their mother’s voice. Additionally, newborns may recognize certain melodies that they heard during pregnancy. They also have the ability to recognize the distinctive sounds of their parents’ native language and can even pick out individual words from a stream of speech. Babies pay special attention when spoken to in the exaggerated, melodic register known as “infant-directed speech.” Furthermore, newborns are interested in sights that suggest biological movement and show a bias for looking at faces and face-like imagery.